CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus with Marking Scheme (2022)

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus is a vast which needs a clear understanding of the concepts and topics. Knowing CBSE Class 11 Chemistry syllabus helps students to understand the course structure of Chemistry for the academic year. Going through the syllabus, CBSE Class 11 students get to know what they have to study, marks distribution for each unit and time duration of the same. Based on that, they can easily plan easily their study schedule. Students must follow the CBSE Class 11 Chemistry syllabus as the final exam question paper will be framed according to it.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-23

For the subject Chemistry, the board has released the CBSE Syllabus for Class 11. Students can download the syllabus pdf and go through it to plan their studies. CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry includes the information about practicals, projects, assignments, etc. that need to be covered for the respective academic year.

  • CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus PDF 2022-23

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-23

The table below shows the marks distribution and number of periods allocated for Chemistry subject.

Unit No.Unit NameNo. of PeriodsMarks
Unit ISome Basic Concepts of Chemistry187
Unit IIStructure of Atom209
Unit IIIClassification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties126
Unit IVChemical Bonding and Molecular Structure207
Unit VChemical Thermodynamics239
Unit VIEquilibrium207
Unit VIIRedox Reactions94
Unit VIIIOrganic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques2011
Unit IXHydrocarbons1810

Students can click on CBSE Class 11 Syllabusto know the syllabus for all the subjects.

UNIT I – Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry:

General Introduction: Importance and scope of Chemistry. Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

UNIT II – Structure of Atom:

Bohr’s model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

UNIT III – Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties:

Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.

UNIT IV – Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure:

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules(qualitative idea only), Hydrogen bond.

(Video) Class 11th Chemistry (Term 1 & 2) Reduced syllabus | with marking scheme | Cbse 2021-22

UNIT V – Chemical Thermodynamics:

Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of Thermodynamics (brief introduction)
Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous processes.
Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).

UNIT VI -Equilibrium:

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of poly basic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, buffer solution, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).

UNIT VII – Redox Reactions:

Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number, applications of redox reactions.

UNIT VIII – Organic Chemistry: Some basic Principles and Techniques:

General introduction, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.

UNIT IX – Hydrocarbons:

Classification of Hydrocarbons
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons:
Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions.
Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.

Aromatic Hydrocarbons:

Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity.

To know the CBSE Syllabus for all the classes from 1 to 12, visit the Syllabus page of CBSE. Meanwhile, to get the Practical Syllabus of Class 11 Chemistry, keep reading the page.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Practical Syllabus 2022-23 with Marking Scheme

In Chemistry subject, practical also plays a vital role. Students understand the theory by performing the experiments in the lab. So, it’s important that students must also know the CBSE Syllabus of Chemistry Practical and list of experiments included in it. Also, the weightage of Chemistry practical is of 30 marks. So, students must try their best to score well in practicals too. It will help in increasing their overall score.

(Video) CBSE Class 11th Chemistry Syllabus for 2022-23 | Delated Syllabus Cbse Class 11 Chemistry

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Practical Syllabus 2022-23

CBSE Chemistry Practicals is of 30 marks. It will be conducted under the supervision of subject teacher. This contribute to the overall practical marks for the subject.

The table below shows the evaluation scheme of practical exams.

Evaluation SchemeMarks
Volumetric Analysis08
Salt Analysis08
Content Based Experiment06
Project Work04
Class record and viva04

CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry Practical 2022-23

Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments. Wherever possible such techniques should be used.

A. Basic Laboratory Techniques
1. Cutting glass tube and glass rod
2. Bending a glass tube
3. Drawing out a glass jet
4. Boring a cork

B. Characterization and Purification of Chemical Substances
1. Determination of melting point of an organic compound.
2. Determination of boiling point of an organic compound.
3. Crystallization of impure sample of any one of the following: Alum, Copper Sulphate, Benzoic Acid.

C. Experiments based on pH

1. Any one of the following experiments:

(Video) CBSE sample paper 2023|Marks distribution of chemistry class 12 chapter wise|

  • Determination of pH of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, solution of known and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator.
  • Comparing the pH of solutions of strong and weak acids of same concentration.
  • Study the pH change in the titration of a strong base using universal indicator.

2. Study the pH change by common-ion in case of weak acids and weak bases.

D. Chemical Equilibrium
One of the following experiments:

1. Study the shift in equilibrium between ferric ions and thiocyanate ions by increasing/decreasing the concentration of either of the ions.
2. Study the shift in equilibrium between [Co(H2O)6] 2+ and chloride ions by changing the concentration of either of the ions.

E. Quantitative Estimation
i. Using a mechanical balance/electronic balance.
ii. Preparation of standard solution of Oxalic acid.
iii. Determination of strength of a given solution of Sodium hydroxide by titrating it against standard solution of Oxalic acid.
iv. Preparation of standard solution of Sodium carbonate.
v. Determination of strength of a given solution of hydrochloric acid by titrating it against standard Sodium Carbonatesolution.

F. Qualitative Analysis
1) Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt
Cations‐ Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+
Anions – (CO3)2‐ , S2‐, NO2 , SO32‐, SO2‐ , NO , Cl , Br, I‐, PO43‐ , C2O2‐ ,CH3COO
(Note: Insoluble salts excluded)

2) Detection of ‐ Nitrogen, Sulphur, Chlorine in organic compounds.

Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.

We hope students must have found this information on CBSE Syllabus useful for their studying Chemistry. Learn Maths & Science in interactive and fun loving ways with BYJU’S App/Tablet.

(Video) Chemistry class 11 marks distribution chapter wise

Frequently Asked Questions on CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-23

How many chapters are present in the CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus?

There are 9 chapters present in the CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus. Students can access the various study materials of the chapters for free at BYJU’S.

What is the total marks for the practicals as per the CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus?

The total marks for the practicals as per the CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus is 30 marks. It includes volumetric analysis, content-based experiment, salt analysis, class record, project work and viva.

Which chapter is of more marks weightage as per the CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry?

The chapter organic chemistry is of more marks weightage as per the CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry.

(Video) CBSE Class 11 latest syllabus 2022 23 || Class 11 Chemistry latest syllabus 2022-23


Which chapter is most important for Class 11 chemistry? ›

Equilibrium, Thermodynamics, Atoms, States of Matter and Chemical Bonding, and Molecular Structure are important physical chemistry chapters. Organic Chemistry – Organic Chemistry is the most important part of class 11 Chemistry.

Which is the easiest chapter of Class 11 chemistry? ›

Most easy chapters in chemistry 11th and 12th???

Chemical Kinematics. Surface Chemistry. Metallurgy. p-Block Elements.

Which is the toughest chapter in Class 11? ›

Class 11 Tough Chapters – High Weightage, High Effort
  • Rotational Motion.
  • Experimental Physics and Instruments.
  • Center of Mass and Conservation of Momentum.
Jul 17, 2022

Which is the hardest chapter in chemistry class 11? ›

Which of the following is a branch of chemistry?
  • Physical Chemistry is the hardest branch of chemistry.
  • It involves the study of physical properties and constitution of matter, the laws of chemical combination, and theories governing chemical reactions.

Which topic from chemistry has the highest weightage? ›

Organic chemistry is the most weighted of the three areas, with a consistent weighting practically every year. Important topics for JEE Chemistry have been grouped across three sections: organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry.

Is Ncert is enough for Class 11 chemistry? ›

Class 11 NCERT Chemistry is considered very important for students focusing on the Class 12 board assessments as well as other serious exams like JEE Mains, BITSAT, JEE Advanced, VITEEE, NEET and so on.
CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Exam Syllabus.
Chapter 5: Redox Reactions Chapter 6: Hydrogen5
5 more rows
Jun 7, 2022

Is Class 11 Chem easy? ›

It is one of the easiest branch of Chemistry if read properly or it can become the toughest branch if not read in correct manner.

What is a good percentage in Class 11? ›

If you scored the perfect 80% on your confidence then you are worth an appreciation . This is going to help you when you prepare for entrance exam . Many students score above 90% marks in 12th , but fail to crack the entrance exam as they have no conceptual clarity of 11th course .

Is Class 11 very tough? ›

No It's not hard. It depends on how much time you are spending to study. If you like science subject then you should take science stream. 11 & 12 standard's science is very interesting.

Is class 11 physics very difficult? ›

Yes, class 11 Physics syllabus is considered as the toughest of all the subjects by various students. It is very difficult, complex and comprehensive in comparison to class 10t syllabus for Physics.

Which topic is most important in Chemistry? ›

The main topics in Chemistry include acids and bases, atomic structure, the periodic table, chemical bonds, and chemical reactions.

Is 11th Chemistry difficult? ›

According to my experience in Class 11, Ionic Equilibrium, a part of Physical Chemistry is one of the most dreaded and tough subjects. Besides Ionic, Electrochemistry and Thermodynamics are also considered tough.

Is 11th class Chemistry hard? ›

It is one of the easiest branch of Chemistry if read properly or it can become the toughest branch if not read in correct manner.


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