Opening Credits: Who, What, Where, When and Why - (2023)

Opening Credits: Who, What, Where, When and Why - (1)

Opening Credits: Who, What, Where, When and Why - (2)

Editing | How To's

Opening Credits: Who, What, Where, When and Why

1 Aug , 2012

Written by Peter Bohush | Posted by:

Opening credits are a functional as well as creative part of movies. Telling the audience who is in the movie, as well as other known talent such as writers, directors and composers, sets the stage for what’s to come. Check out an example here.

With a hundred years of moviemaking history, there must be a “standard” way of listing people in the opening credits, right? Wrong. Except for the contractual or union-mandated billing, the rest of the opening credits have no rules.

Many great movies had no opening credits, such as The Godfather and Apocalypse Now. Citizen Kane opens with only the title of the movie, saving all the credits for the end.

Most movies in the 1930s through 1950s listed lots of cast and crew in the opening credits, often in a sort of Playbill format as if the movie was a filmed stage play. Today, high-powered talent demand specific types of onscreen billing in their contracts.

Although it’s common today for blockbuster movies to open with just the title and no other front credits, it is reported that George Lucas was fined $250,000 by the Directors Guild of America for not putting the director’s name (his) in the opening credits.

Independent, non-union movies aren’t bound by union rules for opening credits, so anything goes. However, over the past two decades an order of listing cast and crew has become widely accepted by Hollywood studio and independent productions.

When the lights dim and the movie begins, the opening credits will be presented in the following manner:


This is the distributor. It may be a studio or independent distribution company. It may or may not have financed the making of the movie. But it is the company that sold the movie into theaters, television, DVD, etc. Sometimes it is listed in the same text as the rest of the credits. Or it could be a logo or even a standalone clip, such as the MGM lion roaring.


Usually a movie is produced under a business entity that finances motion pictures. It may be an independent company, a studio or a subsidiary. The director or producer’s personal production company may also have acquired the source material, such as a book or play, upon which the movie is based, and could get a production company credit here as well.

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There may be multiple production companies that played a part in getting the movie made. They are listed here, after the distributor and the primary production company, studio or studio subsidiary.

A DIRECTOR’S NAME FILM (or Producer’s)

Audiences today are used to seeing the director’s name before the movie title, as the auteur or visionary of the movie. Some directors have developed such a well-known style that audiences will have specific expectations when seeing his or her name in front of the title. There’s a difference between a Tarantino film and a Michael Bay film.

If the director simply worked for hire without developing it from his early vision, it’s kind of silly to make the auteur claim here. Sometimes the executive producer claims the film’s style and vision. Tim Burton has with movies he produced but did not direct, such as Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter and Batman Forever.


Anywhere from one to three lead actors are often listed just before the title. It’s a similar position to the auteur, as the presence of these star actors is the reason many people came to see the movie.

True movie stars transcend their producers and directors. One may think of a Tarantino film, or a Spielberg movie or Coen Brothers picture. But more likely, people are there to see a Brad Pitt, George Clooney, Meryl Streep or Robert DeNiro movie, regardless of who produced and directed it.

Their names are listed before the movie’s title, which is equivalent to having their names above the title in the movie poster. This is where the term “top billing” originated.


Now the title of the movie, by itself in big letters.


After the title, the leading actors are presented, either with their names singly on their own “title cards,” or sometimes in twos or threes on the screen together, if the actors have more or less the same size parts or are of equal status.


Other actors get listed next, if they have significant parts (several scenes) or they are recognizable names. Often several actors will be listed together on the same title card.


An actor or actress of some renown may have a small part in the movie. He or she might get a “with” credit here, such as “with Margot Thespian.”

Often these credits go to actors who “used to be” somebody years ago, still have a recognizable name, but are no longer box office draws.


A step up from the “with” acting credit, the final title card for the cast is reserved for the actor who has a meaty part in the movie, but not a leading role. It’s like, wow, isn’t it amazing that Big Actor blessed this movie with his presence, and I bet he’s gonna be great!

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It’s where the elder statesman is listed, the uber-star. Many times the character’s name is listed here as well, such as “And Sam Elliott as The Stranger” from The Big Lebowski

That’s the production companies and the cast. Now for the crew.


Who brings all the great acting talent together for this movie? Sometimes the producers, sometimes powerful talent agencies package their clients into a movie. More likely a casting director puts the cast together, if not the lead actors then all the supporting players.

Casting Directors can be members of the Teamsters union and may also belong to a professional organization such as CSA, the Casting Society of America.

Mix-n-Match the following…

The order of listings in the next section of production people is less rigid. Some movies with big special effects might put the Visual Effects Supervisor first, followed by the others in this section. Some movies don’t list the VFX Supervisor until the end credits if the job was minimal.

Regardless of the order, most movies today include the following listings in their opening credits. They are usually listed singly on their own title cards, but not always.


May be listed as Music Composed by, or Original Score by, or even just Music by.

If the movie includes a vocal song, perhaps performed by a well-known artist or group, this is sometimes included as part of this title card.


The Production Designer is responsible for the overall physical look and feel of the movie. He or she works to achieve the director’s vision of the sets, locations, costumes, hair, makeup, special effects, colors and tone.


The Art Director oversees set design and construction, decorating or set dressing, props, signage and modifying locations. Sometimes the art director is pushed to the end credits.


If a movie makes use of lots of sets, as opposed to on-location shooting, the Set Designer may be listed in the opening credits, although this is sometimes another one of the credits that gets rolled at the end of the movie.


Someone designs the clothes for all the actors, makes or buys them, or at least guides the actors if they’re bringing their own modern-day wardrobe on low-budget productions. Certainly their work is evident in period or sci-fi movies, but even modern-day films need the skills of a talented costume designer to make the actors look good, and right for their parts.


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Movie stars are beautiful people, no one can argue that. They tone, tan, sculpt and starve their bodies to be the people everyone else in the world wants to look like. However, truth be told, to look their best on camera they need makeup and hair stylists.

Makeup is sometimes listed in the opening credits if the movie relies on makeup for special effects or advanced aging of a lead character. Think Planet of the Apes, Benjamin Button or even Forrest Gump.

Lots of stars have their own personal hair and makeup artists. When there are several of these, most of the time they are listed in the end credits and not in the opening.


The Sound Recordist is hardly ever noted in the opening credits anymore. Few producers or directors even know just what the sound people do, from recordists, mixers, editors to designers. So they usually get listed in the end credits, despite the fact that movies are a combination of picture AND sound.


It’s not just Harry Potter or Transformers movies that utilize visual effects, or VFX. A movie may contain dozens of VFX shots that the audience never notices, such as digitally changing license plates on cars or signs on walls, or making it look like the scene was shot in New York instead of on a street in Hollywood.

Or even digitally removing a pimple from an actor’s face that makeup couldn’t hide. These are all visual effects, along with the space ships, demons, monsters and fantasy worlds.

The VFX Supervisor will work on-set with the director and director of photography to help set up shots that will be digitally manipulated in post-production. During the post phase, the VFX Supervisor will oversee all the specialists who work on the digital shots, such as animators, compositors, rotoscopers and graphic artists.


The Editor takes the pieces of film or digital files and assembles them into the story that becomes the movie. He or she makes the editorial decisions about which shots to use, often in conjunction with the director, producer and studio executives.


The DP heads up the camera crew. He or she will oversee the lighting, camera set ups, lens choices, filters, equipment and sometimes even the framing of all the shots, depending on the director. The DP is essentially 2nd in command on the set, beneath the director.

Sometimes the cinematographer is listed earlier in the credits. Typically he or she is listed just before the producers, writers and director.


Producer titles have become extremely ambiguous. The Producers Guild of America has been trying to standardize the roles of the different types of producers, and even limit the number of producers eligible to be considered for Academy Awards.

Historically, the Executive Producer was the person who put the project in motion, either by acquiring the rights to a book or play or person’s life story, or by financing the production or bringing together the financing from investors or a studio.

The EP often does not participate in the day-to-day production of the movie, but may oversee Producers who do.


The Producer runs the operation of the movie — making hiring decisions, budget planning and expending, and supervising the cast and crew from pre-production to production and through post-production.

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In addition to the Producer, there may also be Co-Producers, Line-Producers, Supervising Producers and Production Supervisors. These have defined roles (at least theoretically) by the Producers Guild, a trade organization.

Associate Producers are supposed to be sort of junior producers. Above an assistant, with some specific production responsibilities, but without full authority. However, in practice over the years, the Associate Producer credit has been handed out like candy as a perk to whoever the Producer wants or needs to give it. Girlfriends, mistresses, lazy nephews and entourage hangers-on have been named associate producers.


If the movie is based on another artistic work. This credit is often listed underneath and in smaller font size than the screenwriter.


Someone may have come up with the original story but didn’t write the screenplay, or wrote it with another writer. This credit acknowledges the contribution of the scenarist.


The Writers Guild of America, West, dictates that the screenwriting credit shall be Written By, instead of Screenplay By.

There can only be up to three writers credited for the screenplay. However, a writing team is considered “one” credit, so in practice there can be more than three names in the Written By credit.

In the case of multiple writers working on the screenplay (at different times, usually), the names are listed chronologically from top to bottom. The original writer would be credited first, and below him or her the subsequent writers.

When teams are involved, the WGAw helps identify them through the use of “and” versus an ampersand. For example, if John Smith and Jane Doe worked together as a team, and then Frank Fellow was hired later to polish up the script, their credits would be listed as follows:

Written by
John Smith & Jane Doe
Frank Fellow

The ampersand indicates that John and Jane worked as a team, while Frank wrote alone and on a subsequent draft from John and Jane’s.


The Directors Guild of America (DGA) permits a movie to list only one director, even if two or more worked on it. A team is considered one directing credit, such as Directed by Joel and Ethan Coen.

Except in very rare cases, such as the death of a director during production, only one directing credit is listed.

The Wizard of Oz had five directors, including Richard Thorpe, the original who was fired after two weeks, George Cukor, who sort of babysat the production briefly until Victor Fleming was assigned. Fleming directed most of the movie, until he left to direct Gone With The Wind upon which King Vidor came aboard to finish, directing the Kansas scenes and Producer Mervyn LeRoy later directed some pick-up shots.

But only Victor Fleming got the directing credit. Because just like a ship can have only one captain and a kitchen one chef, a movie can (usually) have only one director.

And once the director’s name shows on screen, it’s time to start the movie.


What order should opening credits be in? ›


a FILMMAKER film. Film Title. Lead Cast. Supporting Cast.

Who goes in the opening credits? ›

In modern films, the opening credits typically run through the key creative forces behind a project, such as the production company, executive producers, the director, the lead actors, and the show creator if applicable. The closing credits tend to be more comprehensive and may include all the individual crew members.

What are the beginning credits called? ›

A title sequence is a part of a TV show or movie's intro that is dedicated to crediting the cast and crew and displaying a title card. A title card is a graphic that says the name of the movie. Some movies skip the opening credits, title sequence, or title card altogether.

Why do some actors have their character name in opening credits? ›

The actors whose names appear first are said to have "top billing". They usually play the principal characters in the film and have the most screen time. Frequently, top-billed actors are also named in advertising material such as trailers, posters, billboards, and TV spots.

What should I put for credits? ›

The end credits, which appear after the final scene of a film, list everyone involved in the production.
Basic Order for Closing Credits
  • Director.
  • Writers.
  • Producer.
  • Executive producer.
  • Director of photography.
  • Production designer.
  • Editor.
  • Composer (sometimes followed by the music supervisor)
Jun 7, 2021

What is the longest movie intro? ›

Currently, the movie with the longest pre-credits opening is The Longest Day. Based on Cornelius Ryan's 1959 book of the same name, the 1962 film is a war epic shot in black-and-white.

Which movie has the best opening credits? ›

While the following are all generally good movies, it's arguable that some peak with the opening credit sequences.
  • Drive (2011) ...
  • Jackie Brown (1997) ...
  • Enter The Void (2009) ...
  • Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) ...
  • Once Upon A Time In The West (1968) ...
  • Army of The Dead (2021) ...
  • Mean Streets (1973) ...
  • The Shining (1980)
Mar 27, 2022

What show has the best opening credits? ›

The Best TV Opening Credits Sequences of All Time
  • 8/12 All in the Family.
  • 7/12 The X-Files.
  • 6/12 Mad Men.
  • 5/12 Stranger Things.
  • 4/12 Cheers.
  • 3/12 True Blood.
  • 2/12 Severance.
  • 1/12 Game of Thrones.
Apr 15, 2022

What movie has the best opening scene? ›

The Best Opening Scenes Of All Time, Ranked
  • 8 The Dark Knight.
  • 7 The Matrix.
  • 6 There Will Be Blood.
  • 5 Inglourious Basterds.
  • 4 The Social Network.
  • 3 The Godfather.
  • 2 Jaws.
  • 1 Saving Private Ryan.
Jul 22, 2022

What roles are in the credits? ›

Who Should be Included in Your Film Credits
  • The production company (e.g. Two Cents Films )
  • The title of the film.
  • The leading actor/actress.
  • The rest of the leading cast.
  • The supporting cast.
  • The casting director.
  • The film score composer.
  • The lead costume designer.
Sep 30, 2021

What is it called when a movie starts at the end? ›

Reverse chronology is a narrative structure and method of storytelling whereby the plot is revealed in reverse order. In a story employing this technique, the first scene shown is actually the conclusion to the plot.

Are credits in alphabetical order? ›

Most credits can only be displayed in alphabetical order. However, in certain lists, the credits can be forced to appear in the order in which they appear on screen. In general, the order is a simple sequence number, beginning at 1 and increasing by 1 for each entry.

Do actors pick their names? ›

Some actors choose to legally change their names in court, but many use and register stage names without ever formally changing it. For example, Christopher Walken goes by Ronnie—a shortened version of his real name, Ronald—in his daily life.

Do actors get to pick their names? ›

The Actors' Equity Association (AEA) advises performers to select a name that is easy for others to pronounce, spell, and remember. Some performers, while paying great attention to their skills and abilities, give little thought to the difference that a well-thought-out name can make to their career.

Do actors trademark their name? ›

Under U.S. trademark law the celebrity name must function as a trademark, and indicate the source of the goods or services.

Is 30 credits too much? ›

In the American university credit system, a standard full-time study load is usually 30 credit hours per year. Typically, in order to graduate with a degree, universities expect students to complete: 120-130 credit hours for a Bachelor's degree. 30-64 credit hours for a Master's degree.

Is 15 credits too much? ›

While it might seem strange, for many students it's better to take about 15 credits in their first semester. This is recommended because 12 credits are usually the minimum to be considered a full-time student at the college. It can even affect tuition in some cases.

How can I get 120 credits? ›

Generally, to earn a Bachelor's degree, a student has to complete 120 credits over a span of 4 years. This means, to stay on track, he / she has to complete 30 credits every year, i.e., 15 credits per semester, which usually means completing 5 courses/subjects every semester of college.

What is the shortest movie ever? ›

Fresh Guacamole

What is the longest single shot in a movie? ›

1 Russian Ark - Ninety-Six Minutes

The film that holds the record for longest unbroken shot is likely the film on this list that audiences will be the least familiar with. Aleksandr Sokurov's seminal Russian film, Russian Ark. The entire movie is filmed in one, unbroken, ninety-six minute shot.

What movie took the longest to make? ›

The Other Side of the Wind holds the record for a movie to be in production for the longest time: it was in production stage for 48 years (1970–2018). Shooting began in summer 2004. Numerous versions of the film have been screened over the years, including a rough cut at Star Wars Celebration IV.

What is the fastest movie to reach 1 billion? ›

Fastest to $1.5 billion

Titanic became the first movie to gross over $1.5 billion worldwide no later than June 23, 1998, within 188 days of release. The list below is restricted to the 10 movies that reached the milestone the fastest.

What is the number 1 Netflix movie of all time? ›

Most Popular Films (English)
#Films (English)Hours viewed in first 28 days
1Red Notice364,020,000
2Don't Look Up359,790,000
3Bird Box282,020,000
4Glass Onion: A Knives Out Mystery279,740,000
6 more rows

Which film has highest opening day collection? ›

Top Opening Day
RankMovie NameRelease Date
1Pathaan25 Jan 2023
2K.G.F – Chapter 214 Apr 2022
3War02 Oct 2019
4Thugs Of Hindostan08 Nov 2018
46 more rows

What is the number 1 most popular TV show? ›

NFL Sunday Night Football

What TV show has the shortest intro? ›

Among the shows with the shortest intros are The Office, which lasts just 20 seconds and Brooklyn Nine-Nine at 21 seconds.
Here's the Top 10 list of series with the longest intros:
  • American Horror Story: 60 seconds.
  • Gilmore Girls: 55 seconds.
  • Vikings: 51 seconds.
  • Gogglebox: 50 seconds.
  • Friends: 46 seconds.
May 17, 2021

What TV show has the best theme song of all time? ›

'Friends' (1994 - 2004) It stands to reason that one of the most iconic TV shows ever made would have one of the most iconic TV theme songs of all time. Performed by the American rock duo The Rembrandts.

What is the most iconic movie lines of all time? ›

Famous Movie Quotes
  • “ May the Force be with you.” - Star Wars, 1977.
  • “ There's no place like home.” - The Wizard of Oz, 1939.
  • “ I'm the king of the world!” - ...
  • “ Carpe diem. ...
  • “ Elementary, my dear Watson.” - ...
  • “ It's alive! ...
  • “ My mama always said life was like a box of chocolates. ...
  • “ I'll be back.” -
Sep 21, 2018

What movies have a shocking opening? ›

Here are horror's top 10 most shocking opening scenes, according to Reddit:
  • Scream.
  • Midsommar.
  • Sinister.
  • I Saw the Devil.
  • Ghost Ship.
  • Suspiria (1977)
  • Ichi the Killer.
  • When A Stranger Calls (1979)
Apr 19, 2022

How many end credits are there? ›

Are There 2 End Credit Scenes in Thor: Love and Thunder? Thor: Love and Thunder has two post-credit scenes.

When did opening credits stop? ›

But as people became frequent theater-goers, they began to recognize certain actors and became fans of their work. A shortlist of the actors' names appeared at the movie's start, becoming what we know now as the opening credits. In the 1970s, end credits became normalized.

Do they put extras names in movie credits? ›

But you probably don't know her name. She is one of thousands of part-time actors who make money as movie extras. Extras don't get film credits or lines.

What is it called when a movie goes back and forth in time? ›

Cross cuts go back and forth between two shots that are happening at the same time in order to build scale, continuity and or tension. Christopher Nolan does an amazing job of using cross cuts in movies like Memento and Interstellar. Let's take a look at a video that explores the art of Nolan's cross-cutting.

What are the 7 stages of filmmaking? ›

The 7 stages of film making (development, pre-production, production, photography, wrap, post-production, distribution)

What is it called when a movie takes a break? ›

An intermission, also known as an interval in British and Indian English, is a recess between parts of a performance or production, such as for a theatrical play, opera, concert, or film screening.

How do you write a credit sequence? ›

BEGIN TITLES or BEGIN OPENING TITLES followed by END TITLES or OVER OPENING CREDITS followed by END OPENING CREDITS. An example: FADE IN: EXT. KEY WEST MARINA - DAWN - ESTABLISHING Sailboats, yachts, and cabin cruisers all bob up and down in the warm blue water.

What does CSA in movie credits mean? ›

Casting Society of America — C.S.A.

The Casting Society of America (CSA) was formed in 1982, originally known as the American Society of Casting Directors. The society is a collection of the best casting directors in film, television, and stage.

What actor has the most credits on IMDB? ›

The “Man of a Thousand Voices,” Mel Blanc is regarded as the actor who's racked up the most acting credits — more than 1,200 — voicing Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Daffy Duck, and many, many more cartoon characters since the 1930s.

Do actors get rejected? ›

Rejection is part of the process

The majority of performers can relate to feeling down after falling short of securing a role, so although it may feel like it, you are not alone in being declined for a part. Of course, you might be upset - but this is only because it means something to you.

What should you not say to an actor? ›

Things that don't help
  • Saying Nothing. Actors love notes, even if that note is something small. ...
  • Vague Feedback. When you are giving those notes, don't be too vague or cryptic. ...
  • “What's with your Face?” ( Unconstructive criticism) ...
  • Bad attitude.
Jul 23, 2020

Do actors remember all their lines? ›

Noice's first and most surprising discovery is that most actors don't memorize their lines in the traditional sense at all. Rather, they begin by reading the script over and over again, looking for what they call the “throughline” — the causal chain that leads one event in the play to topple into the next and the next.

Do actors check their own guns? ›

On film sets, the person most responsible for safety is usually the First Assistant Director, and as a result they will also inspect the firearm – a task the director, producer, camera operator or cinematographer may oversee, too. Every single person on set – cast or crew – has the right to inspect a prop gun.

Do actors look into the camera? ›

What Is an Eyeline in Film? Eyelines are where actors look while acting in a scene. They help the audience understand what the character is looking at. Often, when an actor appears to be talking directly to another character, their eye line is directed at the camera, not at the other actor.

Do actors get royalty checks? ›

When shows are syndicated, redistributed, released on DVD, purchased by a streaming service or otherwise used beyond what the actors were originally paid for, those actors get residual checks called royalties.

What name Cannot be trademarked? ›

Trademarks which contain or comprise matter likely to hurt the religious susceptibilities of any class or sections of citizens of India. Trademarks which contain or comprise scandalous or obscene matter. If the usage of the trademark is prohibited under the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950.

Should I copyright my name? ›

Why Trademark Your Personal Name. Trademarking your name can provide you with added protection against cybersquatters, people who pick up internet domain names to confuse people and get money. Of course, the best reason to trademark your name is to prevent others from using it.

Do I need to copyright my stage name? ›

Firstly it's important to note that trademarking your band or artist name is by no means compulsory. Unlike music copyright, which automatically assigns rights to the creator or owner of a piece of original work, trademarking doesn't come about automatically. Instead – it's something that you must register to do.

What is the opening sequence? ›

A title sequence (also called an opening sequence or intro) is the method by which films or television programmes present their title and key production and cast members, utilizing conceptual visuals and sound (often a opening theme song with visuals, akin to a brief music video).

How are the opening credits presented? ›

In a motion picture, television program or video game, the opening credits or opening titles are shown at the very beginning and list the most important members of the production. They are now usually shown as text superimposed on a blank screen or static pictures, or sometimes on top of action in the show.

How do you make an opening sequence? ›

A title sequence consists of two key elements: a title card (which is usually shown for less than 12 seconds) and the opening credits. For filmmakers and other creators, this sequence introduces the project and pays tribute to the main figures involved in production.

Which movie has the best intro? ›

Top 10 Most Memorable Opening Scenes From Movies
  2. THE LION KING (1994) ...
  3. CITIZEN KANE (1941) ...
  4. RESERVOIR DOGS (1992) ...
  5. 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY (1968) ...
  6. THE GODFATHER (1972) ...
  7. A CLOCKWORK ORANGE (1971) ...
  8. THE DARK KNIGHT (2008) ...
Sep 12, 2019

What is the opening scene of the story? ›

This is the reader's introduction to your story and where you're revealing the characters, the setting, and kicking off the plotline with the inciting incident. This first scene has to hook the reader from the first line so they keep turning the pages.

What movie has the best opening sequence? ›

The Best Opening Scenes Of All Time, Ranked
  • 8 The Dark Knight.
  • 7 The Matrix.
  • 6 There Will Be Blood.
  • 5 Inglourious Basterds.
  • 4 The Social Network.
  • 3 The Godfather.
  • 2 Jaws.
  • 1 Saving Private Ryan.
Jul 22, 2022

What are the opening scene types and examples? ›

There are many types of opening scenes:
  • The simple introduction, which gives film viewers background information about a particular character;
  • the dramatic introduction, which sets up a conflict; and.
  • the flashback introduction, which tells viewers about events that had occurred before the beginning of a story.

When did opening credits go away? ›

But as people became frequent theater-goers, they began to recognize certain actors and became fans of their work. A shortlist of the actors' names appeared at the movie's start, becoming what we know now as the opening credits. In the 1970s, end credits became normalized.

Why do movie credits say introducing? ›

Hollywood has a special way of letting audiences know when a new talent is about to amaze them: the “introducing” credit. The credit denotes that an actor is making his or her film debut in a leading role, and it was more common in the old days than it is now. Occasionally it's done as a joke with established stars.

How long should opening credits be? ›

“That seems such an old-fashioned idea. But it's bliss to have a moment to process information when there's a lot to digest.” If the structural oddness of Fresh and Drive My Car catches on, that sweet spot between 30 and 45 minutes could become the new normal for opening titles.

What makes an effective opening scene? ›

The Most Important Job of an Opening Scene

Arguably, any opening scene's most important job is that of introducing the main character so readers immediately gets a sense of who this person is and why they're going to want to follow him around for 300 pages.

What makes a good opening? ›

Start with the chase. A good hook might also be a question or a claim—anything that will elicit an emotional response from a reader. Think about it this way: a good opening sentence is the thing you don't think you can say, but you still want to say. Like, “This book will change your life.”

How do you make a list of credits? ›

Who Should be Included in Your Film Credits
  1. The production company (e.g. Two Cents Films )
  2. The title of the film.
  3. The leading actor/actress.
  4. The rest of the leading cast.
  5. The supporting cast.
  6. The casting director.
  7. The film score composer.
  8. The lead costume designer.
Sep 30, 2021


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