- At least a dozen people are killed, with dozens more injured, after Russian shells hit apartment buildings in Zaporizhzhia
- Key bridge linking Russia and Crimea partially destroyed in blast-but why this particular target?
- Watch:The moment Kerch bridge exploded
- Putin sends ministers to scene of bridge explosion
- Mass graves discovered in recently liberated Ukrainian town
- Opinion: A coup, a Russian collapse, and why we should stop fearing a nuclear strike
- Podcast: A heart-rending reply to Elon Musk in Ukraine War Diaries
- Live reporting from Megan Baynes and (earlier) Sharon Marris. Updates from Alex Crawford in eastern Ukraine and Diana Magnay in Moscow
Watch: Russian shelling hits apartment buildings
Earlier today we reported Russian rockets have hit apartment buildings in Zaporizhzhia.
Footage now includes the aftermath of the shelling, with buildings razed to the ground and fires burning.
At least 12 people have died.
Demining and aid stations: Life in Lyman after liberation
Sky's special correspondent Alex Crawford is in the town of Lyman with her team.
They have sent us these photos of what life is like in the eastern Donetsk community about a week after it was re-taken by Ukraine.
Russian military vehicles are still strewn around.
Many people are relying on outside aid for food and supplies.
Teams have started de-mining to make the roads and surrounding area safe.
And the Ukrainian soldiers involved have been presented with medals in recognition of their service.
Prof Michael Clark says Ukraine likely behind bridge attack: 'I'd be astonished if it was anybody else'
Security and defence analyst Professor Michael Clarke has been speaking to Sky News this morning with one of his regular updates.
Commenting on the Kerch bridge attack, he says Ukraine was likely behind it, adding: "I'd be astonished if it was anybody else".
"It wasn't an accident - you don't lose a bridge like that in an accident.
"If it was some sort of accidental truck explosion, then the bridge was extremely badly designed and very very badly built, because bridges are designed to take that sort of thing."
Why hasn't Ukraine claimed responsibility?
One reason could be because such an attack would have required missiles "they're not supposed to have", he says, adding: "I think it (also) suits them to keep everybody guessing, to be honest.”
"We all know it was them and they won't want to reveal how they did it, because they might want to do something similar again."
Was the attack on Zaporizhzhia a Russian response to what happened on the bridge?
"In a way, the Russians are doing the worst they can - at the moment all they can do is attack civilian areas with not very accurate missiles.
"When people worry about the Russian response - they're already doing their worst.
"If they want to respond, then they've got to escalate the war in a different direction, which I think Putin is struggling with at the moment.
"But on the battlefield it won't make any difference to the Ukrainians.
"They're moving forward on all fronts at the moment, and they're finding ways of frustrating the Russian logistics and making the Russians look foolish in the eyes of their own people."
What about Russia's nuclear threats?
"Everyone is talking about nuclear weapons and they want us to talk about nuclear weapons, but I think it's still a very remote prospect, to be honest.
"But there are other ways it might be escalated.
"The war has already escalated into the Baltic Sea with the sabotage of the (Nord Stream) pipelines.
"It may escalate geographically towards Moldova, towards the western Balkans.
"It has escalated in terms of rhetoric - Putin says it's not really about Ukraine, it's not even about NATO enlargement.
"This is about the war of the west on Russia, trying to destroy Russia and Russian civilisation.
"That's absurd but that's where we are now that the rhetoric is going up and up and up, because he's trying to convince the Russian people that they're somehow under attack from the 'fascists in the West'.
"So he's casting around for ways of grabbing the agenda back, because on the ground he's losing on all fronts at the moment."
The first time someone I knew died it was a really big drama - now it's routine
Our Ukraine War Diaries podcast, now on its 49th episode, has been telling the story of the conflict via first-person dispatches from the ground.
As has regularly been the case, the latest episode isn't always easy listening as we hear from military volunteer Seva Koshel, who describes his changing feelings towards death.
"I was talking to my friend who is now an officer in the army. Guys from his unit, who were under his command, have been killed. My friend must go with the body to his village for the funeral.
"It's very tough for him. It's the first time for him. I hope it will be the first and the last time but we don't know.
"In the previous podcast I was telling that the war has become routine, that we do what we do - and actually the same happens unfortunately with our soldiers and officers who we lose.
"First time when a guy was killed whom I knew, it was quite a shock and it was a really big drama, and now, you just know, you just understand that, 'Okay, he's not with us anymore'.
"I mean it's not okay, definitely. But I just get used to that because I have quite, quite a few of them, whom I knew and who are not with us anymore."
The latest episode also features entries from Seva's wife Oksana, who works in overseas education and has remained in Kyiv with her husband since the start of the invasion, and Ilyas, a married father who is now back in Kyiv having initially fled to Lviv.
Zelenskyy: 'The world must see the truth - we are dealing with a state that does not want peace'
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has posted on Telegram again about the attack on Zaporizhzhia.
Along with photos and video of the scene, he writes: "The world must see the truth.
"A missile attack on the civilian population of Zaporizhzhia destroyed residential and private houses, where people just slept at night, just lived, didn't attack anyone.
"Ukraine never wanted this war.
"Ukraine did nothing to provoke it.
"We are dealing with a state that does not want peace.
"With a terrorist state."
Russia blames Ukrainian troops for damage at school in Donetsk
Russian state-owned news agency RIA Novosti has posted on Telegram blaming Ukrainian troops for damage found at a school in Donetsk.
The report said: "Ukrainian troops shelled a school in the Kalininsky district of Donetsk.
"One of the shells did not explode and broke through the ceilings of four floors."
The post was accompanied by a video of a soldier walking through a badly-damaged building.
Report that Turkey is trying to arrange talks between Western allies and Russia
The Kyiv Independent is citing news outlet Milliyet as saying that Turkey is seeking to broker talks regarding the war.
Milliyet, a Turkish pro-government newspaper, says Istanbul has requested that the US, France, Germany and the UK be involved in the talks, which would also include Russia.
It is unclear whether the talks would also involve Ukraine...
We've not seen any official comments regarding the reported talks.
A tweet was sent by Zelenskyy adviser Mikailo Podolyak a few minutes ago, but it is not clear if he was referencing Turkey's bid for talks, or the various other suggestions from outside Ukraine for how peace might be achieved.
'Russian provocations': Ukraine rubbishes Belarusian government claims that it is planning to invade
Ukraine's ministry of foreign affairs has issued a statement in response to claims that it could be planning an attack on Belarus.
Belarus's authoritarian leader Alexander Lukashenko has voiced his support for Russia's invasion of Ukraine in recent months.
Belarus relies financially and politically on Russia - Putin's backing of Lukashenko helped him to ride-out an international backlash following his crackdown on anti-government protests in 2020.
Before Russia invaded Ukraine in February, it deployed thousands of troops to Belarus under the pre-text of military drills, before sending them across the border.
Ukraine's MFA said that its ambassador in the Belarusian capital Minsk was invited to the foreign affairs ministry of Belarus and handed a diplomatic note.
"In the note, the Belarusian side claimed that Ukraine is allegedly planning an attack on the territory of Belarus.
"This information does not correspond to reality.
"We categorically reject yet another insinuation of the Belarusian regime.
"We do not rule out that the handing over of the diplomatic note may be part of the plan of the Russian Federation to carry out a provocation to further accuse Ukraine.
"We call on the Belarusian people not to succumb to provocations.
"Ukraine has never encroached on foreign territories. We strictly adhere to the fundamental norms and principles of international law and the UN Charter.
"The authorities in Belarus should stop following the whims of the Kremlin and immediately stop supporting Russia in its aggression against Ukraine."
US ambassador to Ukraine Bridget Brink has also weighed in, tweeting: "Let’s be clear about who’s attacking whom – Russia violated Ukraine’s sovereignty and launches strikes that kill men, women, and children while they sleep, and Belarus allows its territory to be used in support of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine."
'By killing civilians, Russia shows its weakness,' Ukraine's first lady says after Zaporizhzhia attack
Ukrainian First Lady Olena Zelenska has shared her thoughts on the attack in Zaporizhzhia.
She wrote on Twitter: "By killing civilians, Russia shows its weakness.
"There is no doubt."
Meanwhile, the search and rescue operation continues at the scene of the attack.
The State Emergency Service of Ukraine says on Telegram that 20 units and 95 personnel are "carrying out emergency rescue operations, extinguishing fires and rescuing people".
How does the Kerch bridge look today?
The bridge, which was damaged by a truck explosion on Saturday, now has both rail and vehicle traffic.
Both were suspended after the attack but vehicles returned on Saturday afternoon on one of the two links that remained intact.
Rail traffic is now also running across the bridge.
Divers are reported to be checking the damage to the bridge today.
Russia's government has ordered contractors to finish repairs to a key bridge linking annexed Crimea to Russia by July 2023. The bridge was damaged by a blast last Saturday which officials say left at least three people dead.
The bridge is damaged but still standing, though the attackers also likely sought psychological impact. Putin touted the bridge when it was built, and the attack on it comes after others in Crimea itself.
2014—2022. After the Maidan revolution and the subsequent Russian annexation of Crimea, Ukrainian authorities greatly cut the volume of water flowing into Crimea via the canal, citing a huge outstanding debt on water supplies owed by the peninsula.
The Crimean War which had begun in October 1853 lasted eighteen months and in that time had escalated into a series of fragmented battles and sieges, causing huge loss of life and highlighting wider issues and failures pertaining to leadership, military intervention, mortality rates, medicine and mismanagement.
With the dissolution of the Soviet Union and Ukrainian independence in 1991 most of the majority ethnic Russian peninsula was reorganized as the Republic of Crimea, although in 1995 the Republic was forcibly abolished by Ukraine with the Autonomous Republic of Crimea established firmly under Ukrainian authority.
Finland Railway Bridge.
|Finland Railway Bridge Финля́ндский железнодоро́жный мост|
The first Russia-China highway bridge across the Amur River opened for freight traffic last week. Editor's Note: A version of this story appeared in CNN's Meanwhile in China newsletter, a three-times-a-week update exploring what you need to know about the country's rise and how it impacts the world.
Article 2(1) of the 2003 Kerch Treaty provides that merchant ships and warships, as well as other state vessels flying the flag of the Russian Federation or Ukraine, operated for noncommercial purposes, enjoy freedom of navigation in the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait.
Kerch, also spelled Kerč, ancient (Greek) Panticapaion, or (Latin) Panticapaeum, city and seaport, Crimea republic, southern Ukraine, on the western shore of the Strait of Kerch at the head of a small bay.
It took them way more hours to prepare the plans – there were 11 revisions of plans until they arrived to the final design – than to implement them. The deconstruction of the old bridge and construction of the new one took only 43 hours to complete. Wow.
The Crimean Peninsula (at the time known as Taurica) was under partial control of the Roman Empire during the period of 47 BC to c. 340 AD.
The Crimean War started with Russia's invasion of the Turkish Danubian principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia (now Romania). Britain and France both wanted to prop up the ailing Ottoman Empire and resist Russian expansionism in the Near East.
With around two million lakes and a quarter of the world's freshwater reserves, Russia is not lacking any water. However, faulty pipes, pollution and inefficient filters have left much of the population without clean potable water.
Most of the water is generated within Russia and only 4% comes from neighboring countries. Its five large hydrological areas drain into the Arctic and Pacific Oceans, the Baltic and Caspian Seas and the Sea of Azov.
One quarter of the world's fresh surface and groundwater is located in Russia. The water utilities sector is one of the largest industries in Russia serving the entire Russian population.
Ten times more soldiers were dying of diseases such as typhus, typhoid, cholera, and dysentery than from battle wounds. Florence Nightingale at the hospital in Scutari, by Robert Riggs.
The vast majority of Crimean War deaths were due to preventable diseases. The gains made by the war were negligible, such as free access to trade on the Danube.
A century ago a British led intervention force landed in the far north of Russia. For 18 gruelling months, thousands of foreign troops under British command fought Russians on Russian soil.
Motivation. The transfer of the Crimean Oblast to Ukraine has been described as a "symbolic gesture", marking the 300th anniversary of the 1654 Treaty of Pereyaslav.
The Black Sea ports of Crimea provide quick access to the Eastern Mediterranean, Balkans and Middle East. Historically, possession of the southern coast of Crimea was sought after by most empires of the greater region since antiquity (Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, Russian, British and French, Nazi German, Soviet).
The Greeks named the region after its inhabitants, the Tauri: Ταυρικὴ Χερσόνησος (Taurikē Khersonesos) or Χερσόνησος Ταυρική (Khersonesos Taurikē), "Tauric peninsula" ("khersonesos" literally means "peninsula"). Chersonesus Taurica is the Latin version of the Greek name.
At the Treaty of Moscow (March 12, 1940), Finland had to cede Finnish Karelia and Salla, a total of 35,084 sq. km, to the Soviet Union, and "lease" Hango, with an additional 117 sq. km. In the fall of 1941, Finland regained these lost territories.
The Finns held Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov responsible for the outbreak of the Russo-Finnish War and named an improvised incendiary grenade after him. The 'Molotov Cocktail' proved to be a primitive but effective anti-tank weapon against Soviet forces.
The Finnish Defence Forces (Finnish: Puolustusvoimat, Swedish: Försvarsmakten) are the military of Finland. The Finnish Defence Forces consist of the Finnish Army, the Finnish Navy and the Finnish Air Force.
Firstly, it was easier for Europeans to cross the Atlantic than for Chinese to cross the Pacific. Secondly, Europeans were motivated by the desire to access China's legendary wealth whereas Chinese had no such incentive for exploration.
The zig-zag bridge – also referred to as the nine-turn bridge – is a common feature in classical Chinese gardens. According to local lore (and tourist guides!) zigzag bridges and paths are said to confound evil spirits that can only follow a straight path for whatever reason.
Yes, the driving distance between Russia to China is 7612 km. It takes approximately 3 days 19h to drive from Russia to China.
The Russian warship Moskva, the flagship of the Russian Navy's Black Sea Fleet, sank on 14 April 2022 during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Control of the western shore of the Sea is vital to the economy of Ukraine but it is also of immense strategic importance to Russia, as a land route to Crimea as well as it is for passage by Russian marine traffic.
Settlers from Heraclea Pontica in Bithynia established the colony, called Χερσόνησος in ancient Greek, in Crimea way back in the 6th century BC. In 2013 UNESCO listed Chersonesus as a World Heritage Site for Ukraine; now, after the Russian invasion of Crimea, it is part of the Russian Federation.
Ukraine is divided into 27 first-order administrative divisions, consisting of 24 oblasts (regions), one Autonomous Republic (Avtonomna Respublika Krym - Crimea), and two cities with special status (Misto Kyiv and Misto Sevastopol). Region (romanized Ukrainian) Region (Ukrainian Cyrillic) Anglicised.
The Crimean Peninsula is internationally recognized as part of Ukraine. Russia annexed the peninsula in 2014, and established two federal subjects there, the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol, a move which was internationally unrecognized.
With a maximum depth of only about 46 feet (14 m), the Azov is the world's shallowest sea. Vast quantities of silt are brought down by the Don and Kuban rivers, so that in the Taganrog Gulf in the northeast, the sea's depth is 3 feet (1 m) or less.
Azov in American English
(ˈeɪzɔf ; Russian ˈɑzɔf ) Sea of northern arm of the Black Sea, in SE Europe: c. 14,000 sq mi (36,260 sq km) Word List. 'Seas'
However, the Black Sea is COMPLETELY SAFE to swim in and is a popular summer destination for many looking for refuge from the heat. The Black Sea has a unique feature, which might make people believe it is not swimmable. The Black Sea is anoxic, meaning there is absolutely no oxygen in the water.
They break projects into sections of model – based on terrain and engineering solutions to that terrain, then have design teams sort things out as they go. All they are worried about before starting is that problems are solvable, and because they break projects into sections they work on them in paralell not series.
Like Rome, the Great Wall of China wasn't built in a day. Its construction lasted over 2,300 years (680 BC – 1681 AD). Different sections of the Great wall were being built, destroyed, and renovated by 9+ dynasties.
Customer Broad Sustainable Building recently made headlines in the architecture world when they completed the construction of a 57-storey high-rise in Changsha, China, in a record 19 days – the equivalent of three storeys per day.
There was no feasible way for the Romans to enter this terrain and assail a completely horseback based force. It would have been a third kind of territory for the Romans to take over — more difficult and less rewarding. The cost-benefit balance was against it, even if they could have done it, which is highly doubtful.
During the period of the Eastern Roman Empire, the Crimean territory served as a critical trade post for the northern Black Sea, but also served a crucial secondary purpose as a forward lookout position for any of the various warlike migratory tribes that would be making their way west or south towards the Empire.
During their rule in what is today Ukraine, the Romans established economic and cultural contacts with the neighboring Scythians, Sarmatians, and tribes of the Zarubyntsi culture.
The major source of tension between Austria-Hungary and Russia was the so-called Eastern Question: what to do about the weakening Ottoman Empire and its rebellious Christian subjects.
This decision led to one of the most crucial parts of the battle, now known as the Charge of the Light Brigade. The decision taken by Lord Fitzroy Somerset Raglan who was the British commander-in-chief at Crimea, was to look towards the Causeway Heights, where it was believed the Russians were seizing artillery guns.
Crimea became part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic on 18 October 1921 as the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which became part of the Soviet Union in 1922, with a degree of autonomy and run as a Crimean Tatar enclave.
On Wednesday, Russia's Federal Security Service arrested eight men alleged to have taken part in an elaborate scheme to destroy the Crimean bridge. Investigators said Ukrainians, Russians and an Armenian camouflaged tons of explosives and shipped them to several countries before Saturday's attack.
The attack on the Kerch Strait Bridge has now greatly weakened that supply line and made an already grim picture worse. Most of the bridges across the Dnieper have been targeted by Ukrainian long-range fire and destroyed.
Casualties in the Russo-Ukrainian War included six deaths during the 2014 annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, 14,200–14,400 civilians and military troops killed during the War in Donbas (2014–2022), and tens of thousands of deaths during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.
The structure was dismantled in the Middle Ages, leaving few vestiges of its existence. It was rebuilt completely by the Soviet authorities in 1982, though no images of the original gates have survived.
After the occupation of Kiev by German troops, a series of explosions of Soviet radio-mines occurred in the city, as a result of which German soldiers and local civilians were killed.
Explosive suicide drones rock Ukraine's capital, hitting residential buildings. A drone is seen in the sky seconds before it fired on buildings in Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday, Oct. 17, 2022.
This has led to the development a prominent fishing industry on its shores. Ukraine and Russia export more than 45% of the catch. However, Russia dominates the Azov sea after the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. It even detained four local Ukrainian fishermen for operating their vessels in its waters.
Therefore, we have the Azov Sea x 2.4 of gas reserves. Ukrainian oil reserves amount to 94 million tons (of which 79 million tons are being developed). And this is half of Lake Svitiaz, which has 180 million tons of water.
In that regard, passage through the Kerch Strait is guaranteed under UNCLOS and the strait is used for international shipping, including often by ships registered in the European Union,13. 2018/2870(RSP), of 25 October 2018, On the Situation in the Sea of Azov, point D.
The Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files contains records of 58,220 U.S. military fatal casualties of the Vietnam War.
Male war dead
Andreev, Darski and Karkova (ADK) put total losses at 26.6 million. The authors did not dispute Krivoshev's report of 8.7 million military dead. Their demographic study estimated the total war dead of 26.6 million included 20.0 million males and 6.6 million females.
The British won thanks to the dogged determination of their infantry, who were supported as the day went on by French reinforcements. The British suffered 2,500 killed and the French 1,700. Russians losses amounted to 12,000.
Of the Ukrainians in Crimea, 40% gave Ukrainian as their native language, with 60% identifying as ethnic Ukrainians while giving Russian as their primary language. 93% of Crimean Tatars gave Crimean Tatar as their native language, 6% were Russophone.