What is Aerial Cinematography? Here are 3 Reasons Why You Should Invest in It (2022)

What is Aerial Cinematography? Here are 3 Reasons Why You Should Invest in It (1)

“We had this monstrous helicopter that had a cameraman bravely strapped to the side,” the legendary actress and singer Julie Andrews once recounted on The Tonight Show. “It started at one end of the field, and I started at the other, and we walked together,” she said, laughing. “The downdraft from the engines just flung me into the grass. We did this about six or seven times, and I was spitting dirt.”

Of course, what the Academy Award winner described was the iconic opening scene of The Sound of Music, where the camera gracefully drops into the Austrian Alps to find Andrews amid the grass and the mountains, singing the title song.

Aerial cinematography has long been a staple of cinema, and its ability to contextualize a film’s subject within a grand landscape or bring audiences to unimaginable locations is instantly recognizable to anyone familiar with film—from The Sound of Music to the foreboding establishing shots of Sacramento in American Beauty, where the cookie-cutter layout of suburbia is plotted out like a map.

As a term, it’s fairly self-defined. Aerial cinematography is a filming technique that uses aircraft like helicopters, planes or drones to capture an elevated perspective. It allows filmmakers to access entirely new landscapes from previously inaccessible vantage points, to film large-scale environments and to achieve breathtaking and dramatic visual storytelling in a cost-effective way. Traditionally, aerial cinematography has been used to shoot striking establishing shots and dramatic action chases—a favorite of the James Bond franchise. However, in recent years, aerial filming has entirely revolutionized genres like nature films, investigative crime series and documentaries, becoming a prolific cinematic technique used in nearly every documentary or feature film you can see.

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Why is aerial cinematography so popular?

The uptick in aerial filming—and its increased use for more intricate shots—is due in large part to the Federal Aviation Administration’s 2014 ruling to issue commercial permissions for film companies to fly drones, which was previously prohibited and is still strictly regulated. Since, drone footage has become a commonly used technique and an in-demand resource for films with small budgets or limited aviation capabilities.

However, while the industry’s appetite for aerial cinematography has grown exponentially, drones have not advanced at a similar rate, failing to meet aerial photography’s more complicated demands. Generally, sweeping shots that require high altitudes and long ranges are out of scope for any drone, and drone operators lack the resources and capabilities offered by professional aerial film and helicopter crews.

Here are three reasons why you should invest in aerial cinematography:

1. Aerial cinematography allows filmmakers to access worlds their audiences couldn’t previously enter.

Scale is among the most important reasons why a filmmaker might employ the use of aerial photography. If filmmaking involves the creation of new worlds for viewers to witness, that world-building requires access to dramatic scenery and locations no camera crew or crane operator could visualize. Breathtaking aerial photography transforms the visual tableau of a film, allowing filmmakers to place their audience amid the scale of the movie’s setting or bring their viewers closer to a subject’s surroundings.

While many cinematographers employ helicopters and other aircraft to achieve shots they wouldn’t ordinarily be able to attain, the aerial filming medium has had particular resonance in documentaries, and many nonfiction filmmakers—especially those interested in nature and the natural environment—have used aerial filming to an unprecedented scale in recent years.

When famed filmmaker Werner Herzog made his 2016 film Into the Inferno—a documentary feature about volcanoes—scaling their cliffs, coming up over the edges and peering inside was essential. His astounding opening aerial sequence, which soars up a mountain and into a volcano, establishes the entire tone of his film—an exploration and veneration of the world’s wonders. Just the same, filmmakers like director Michael Sanderson have used aerial filming to achieve new feats in photography. In the BBC’s Planet Earth II, Sanderson used aerial cinematography to film rare species in their natural habitats, like the pale Araguaia River dolphins in the remote jungles of Brazil.

What is Aerial Cinematography? Here are 3 Reasons Why You Should Invest in It (2)

Filmmaker Robert Greene sums the attraction to aerial cinematography among many documentary directors well. “When you’re making documentaries, you’re so hungry for something that works,” he told the New York Times. “People are so fearful when making nonfiction: fearful about being boring, or not important, or misrepresenting the subject. You’re worried your close-ups might be out of focus, or your sound isn’t as good as you wanted it to be.” Aerial photography is an answer to that fear, he said. “It’s something that works. It’s epic, and it’s easy.”

In the same way that aerial filming gives documentary filmmakers access to grand environments, action filmmakers have long used aerial cinematography to contextualize their character in the drama of a scene, car chase or action sequence, employing the largeness of aerial cinematography to color a character’s broader world. Nowhere is this technique more visible than in the James Bond series.

Only aerial cinematography could convincingly capture Skyfall’s Daniel Craig chasing a bad guy across the rooftops of Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar, riding a street-bound motorbike. Because CGI would fail to depict a scene as vibrant as the original, aerial filming allowed director Sam Mendes to reach above Istanbul and place the famed secret agent—as well as his audience—in the real drama of the chase.

How do filmmakers achieve large aerial scales?

Often, drones fail to meet the capabilities some directors require to create these astonishing shots. A drone might be incapable of scaling the height of a mountain, or the far-off enclave of a rare animal might exceed the range capabilities or flight time of these hand-controlled aircraft. While drones are smaller and better equipped to maneuver over the streets of a bustling city, they might lack the speed or camera capabilities to capture a sophisticated motorcycle chase. Certainly, drones lack onboard and skilled camera crews who could more easily achieve any of these shots.

Helicopters—like those in Helicopter Express’ diverse fleet—possess range capabilities (the measurement of how far an aircraft can fly before being refueled) that far outpace every drone. Even professional-grade drones run on batteries that last only 25-30 minutes, and most have ranges of less than 5 miles. Yet, at Helicopter Express, the four helicopters we recommend for professional aerial cinematography have range capabilities between 300 and 400 miles:

  • Bell 407HP: Range = 342 miles
  • Airbus AS-350 B3: Range = 345 miles
  • Bell 206L-3: Range = 345 miles
  • Bell 206-B3: Range = 300 miles

Helicopters have the same advantage when it comes to height. Drones might be a good choice if you’re filming at low altitudes, but anything over a few hundred feet becomes inaccessible. While many countries have established their own regulations on drone flight, in the US, the FAA strictly regulates the use of these aircraft, restricting them from flying above 400 feet. While helicopters can fly as low as necessary if safe, most helicopters offer a maximum altitude capability of 8,000 to 30,000 feet.

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What is Aerial Cinematography? Here are 3 Reasons Why You Should Invest in It (3)

2. Once prohibitively expensive, aerial filming is now a common, cost-effective tool—and its popular use has ushered in a new visual language in film.

“Audiences can now spot them,” said acclaimed filmmaker Jeremy Workman in an interview with the New York Times, referencing the ubiquity of aerial shots in contemporary films. Aerial cinematography, he suggested, is now an expected tool for creating dramatic and powerful imagery, and audiences anticipate seeing it. In other words, gone are the days of standard establishing shots, which have traditionally used aerial cinematography for purely technical means—like God’s eye views or overhead angles that serve as surface-level visual representations of setting.

Thanks to the proliferation of drone technology and the creation of cost-effective and custom aerial services like Helicopter Express, filmmakers are encouraged to take aerial cinematography beyond simple use. Importantly, they’ve begun to explore the application of aerial photography as a genuine thematic tool, creating new languages and modes of storytelling.

For example, Workman observed that, in his own films, he could use aerial filming to contextualize the loneliness or isolation of his characters. Aerial photography, he said, can “[cue] the audience that this is a bigger story that translates beyond one character.” In The World Before Your Feet, about a man who walks every street in New York, Workman used aerial filming to dramatize the main character’s place in New York’s urban landscape. Aerial shots “[said] something more than just, ‘Look at New York,” he argued. “It had to say, ‘Look at this guy within this city.” It’s a technique that’s been used by many directors, like Zack Snyder in his 2004 remake of Dawn of the Dead. In that film, he used an overhead shot of Ana driving her car through the chaotic destruction around her, a lone survivor.

Similarly, many critics have praised director Dan Reed’s use of aerial filming in his harrowing series Leaving Neverland, however sinister and frightening the implications of his striking aerial work may be. In writing his review for the doc—which chronicled Michael Jackson’s alleged abuse of children—New York Magazine critic Matt Zoller Seitz wrote that: “The majestic gliding rhythm of the [aerial] shots evokes the flights in J.M. Barrie’s Peter Pan, suggesting both that these men’s childhoods were stolen at Neverland Ranch, and that this documentary represents their final flight from Jackson and his legacy.”

How can filmmakers afford to apply these techniques?

Production costs—like location scouting, pre-production shot preparation, fly rehearsals, equipment transport and technical hires—previously relegated the use of aerial cinematography to luxury. Budgets could afford only basic shooting. However, a key reason why filmmakers are increasingly encouraged to explore aerial cinematography—often incorporating aerial filming amid the usual shot list for a scene—is its widespread accessibility and cost efficiency, thanks to chartering services like Helicopter Express who make it easy for film production companies to have a helicopter on the scene.

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Helicopter Express’ suggested aerial cinematography aircrafts can seat 4-6 people, saving on transport costs for large crews and filming teams. Additionally, helicopter chartering services for aerial shoots are capable of carrying bulky equipment and heavy camera rigs, offering additional savings on equipment transportation that drones—small and lightweight—are unable to provide.

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Significantly, when weighing the costs of incorporating aerial film into a production, helicopters are best equipped to perform in hazardous locations like high altitudes, high temperatures and elevated atmospheric pressures, ultimately providing a safer and more successful option for production budgets.

3. Hiring a helicopter charter service gives production companies access to experienced and knowledgeable aerial film crews.

While breathtaking, orchestrating an aerial shot involves many moving parts and significant technical planning that most standard film crews are not equipped to perform. Some film crews lack the correct equipment to achieve high-quality videography, and most lack the trained expertise of an aerial film pilot or onboard crew. Further, deficient resources for aerial filming often pose additional costs to a production company’s budget, like the need to hire or contract certain experts. And subpar resources can expose production companies to certain insurance liabilities, especially if they’re unable to meet the safety and flight demands of a specific location.

However, when a film production company hires an experienced helicopter chartering service like Helicopter Express, they receive a service package including:

  • Screen Actors Guild-carded pilot
  • Highly experienced crew
  • Fuel and flight insurance
  • Helicopter ground transport, if necessary
  • Rental of high-performance camera systems

Additionally, Helicopter Express’ experienced pilots and crews are able to work with filmmakers to:

  • Identify unique filming locations and plan flight paths for optimal camera angles
  • Research filming locations to understand potential safety concerns or flight restrictions
  • Use technical expertise to film aerial scenes that realize the story and cinematographic goals of the filmmaker
  • Utilize professional-grade aerial equipment, cameras and lenses

These services span the entire production process for an aerial or location shoot, and they provide valuable resources and expertise to a film production company who wants to employ aerial photography in their visual storytelling. Importantly, rental services for camera systems and technical expertise circumvent key roadblocks that prevent many film companies from incorporating aerial cinematography into their production.

Here’s how you can hire an aerial cinematography helicopter and crew near you.

Helicopter Express has been providing film solutions to producers in Atlanta and the southeast for 25 years. Whether your project requires a picture or a camera ship, Helicopter Express’ diverse fleet and SAG-carded pilots are fully equipped to handle all aerial production needs, especially in the booming movie production city of Atlanta.

In the past decade, Georgia has emerged as the Hollywood of the south, and its generous tax credits for film companies has made Atlanta the most important film production location outside of Los Angeles. In 2018 alone, 445 film and television productions wrapped in Georgia, representing an estimated $9.5 billion in economic impact. Tyler Perry Studios is the largest production lot and studio in the United States—as well as a significant resource for the Atlanta economy—and Pinewood Atlanta Studios, one of the largest-purpose built studios outside Hollywood, serves as the American launchpad for franchises like the James Bond and Star Wars movies.

Helicopter Express is positioned to cater to all the aerial cinematography needs of this vibrant and booming industry in Georgia—especially now, as the Atlanta film industry looks to lead Hollywood’s return to production after COVID-19. In July, Georgia said it plans to hire an additional 40,000 workers across roughly 75 upcoming productions, investing $2 billion in the state’s economy over the next 18 months.

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And, if you’re filming elsewhere, Helicopter Express will come to you.

While we’re an Atlanta-based chartering company, we offer aerial cinematography services to film productions around the country, and our company regularly charters from locations in Georgia, Wyoming, Texas, Florida and New York.


What is aerial cinematographer? ›

Aerial cinematography is the photographs or video from an aircraft or other flying object. The main tools used to achieve aerial photography are through helicopters and drones. Aerial cinematography is typically used for establishing shots, follow shots, and action sequences.

What is an aerial shot in cinematography? ›

An aerial shot is a shot that's taken from an elevated vantage point than what is framed in the shot. Aerial shots gives viewers a deeper understanding of what is happening below, both literally and metaphorically.

What is an aerial in film? ›

Aerial cinematography is a filming technique that uses aircraft like helicopters, planes or drones to capture an elevated perspective.

What does aerial action mean? ›

Things that are aerial are happening in the air: birds, planes, and missiles are all aerial things. When talking about things that are literally up in the air, you can use the word aerial. If a country sends planes to bomb another country, that's an aerial attack.

What is the importance of aerial photography? ›

Aerial photography is widely used in archaeological prospection due to its potential to recognize site locations, record and monitor changes of their landscapes through time, and even discover subsurface features by means of the topsoil characteristics or by stereoscopic examination of images (Figure 7).

What are the uses of aerial photography? ›

Aerial photographers use both vertical and oblique photographs for planning land-use projects, movie production, environmental studies, archaeology, power line inspection, oil and gas surveying, surveillance, commercial advertising, and even artistic projects.

How do you do an aerial shot? ›

To do an aerial, jump off the ground and hit boost while in the air. Make sure you're moving in the direction of the ball while steering carefully. Make sure you hold down the jump instead of just tapping it lightly to make sure you jump higher. Move towards the ball in the direction of your opponent's goalpost.

How do you take an aerial shot without a drone? ›

How to shoot aerial shot without a drone? #Shorts - YouTube

How did old movies get aerial shots? ›

As far back as the early 1900's, handheld cameras were used to make films in helicopters. Today, it's altogether common for people who take an air tour to naturally capture gorgeous video footage and pictures of their favorite sites.

What are the features of aerial photography? ›

(1) The lens axis is perpendicular to the surface of the earth. (2) It covers a relatively small area. (3) The shape of the ground area covered on a single vertical photo closely approximates a square or rectangle. (4) Being a view from above, it gives an unfamiliar view of the ground.

When was aerial photography first used? ›

The first aerial image taken in the United States dates only two years later, taken by photographer James Wallace Black. On October 13, 1860, Black and his balloon navigator, Samuel Archer King, made eight exposures from The Queen of the Air, a balloon tethered above Boston, Massachusetts.

What are the types of aerial photography? ›

aerial photographs are classified into the following types : (i) Vertical photographs (ii) Low oblique photographs (iii) High oblique photographs (i) Vertical Photographs: While taking aerial photographs, two distinct axes are formed from the camera lens centre, one towards the ground plane and the other towards the ...

What does the name Aerial mean? ›

Symbolism of the name Aerial:

The baby name Aerial has a different prefix from Ariel, but it still means “lion of God.” In the original spelling, “ari” means “lion,” and “el” means “God.”

What does Term aerial mean? ›

Definition of aerial

(Entry 1 of 2) 1a : of, relating to, or occurring in the air or atmosphere the aerial acrobatics of circus performers. b : existing or growing in the air rather than in the ground or in water aerial plants.

What is the meaning of aerial photography? ›

An aerial photograph, in broad terms, is any photograph taken from the air. Normally, air photos are taken vertically from an aircraft using a highly-accurate camera.

What is one advantage of using an aerial photo to learn about a place? ›

Aerial photographs can encompass a much larger area than is possible in a ground photograph and it is generally easier to determine the exact scale of objects, making them much more effective as a mapping tool.

What are the advantages of aerial survey? ›

  • The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for surveying purposes is becoming increasingly popular within the measurement industry.
  • Health & Safety.
  • Access any subject.
  • Speed.
  • Cost savings.

Why are aerial surveys important? ›

Aerial survey drones can produce accurate, in-depth reporting and surveying of a project environment, to reduce the chances that something could potentially go wrong. This is why they are increasingly being used throughout commercial projects, especially construction.

What is the importance of taking aerial photographs during floods? ›

In the event of a major flood, air photos will identify areas that are under water and isolated isles not flooded that need to be acted on quickly. Even though a high-resolution DEM (Digital Elevation Model) can assist in forecasting the extent of a flood, water will often not behave in practice as we assume in theory.

How many types of films are available for aerial photography? ›

Current aerial infrared film is offered as two types: black and white infrared and color infrared. film is also known as black and white infrared. The emulsion is sensitive to green (0.54–0.6 µm), red (0.6–0.7 µm), and part of the near infrared (0.7–1.0 µm) portions of the spectrum and renders a gray-scale image.

How do you get good at aerials? ›

How To AERIAL In Rocket League from Beginner To Advanced

How do I make my aerial faster? ›

How to Fast Aerial in Rocket League. When you're on the ground, hold your left stick down. Now, press jump and boost at the same time, which will pull you up much faster than a standard Aerial. Release the stick when your nose looks up, or you will do a backflip.

How do you do an aerial for beginners? ›

How to do an Aerial - YouTube

How do you make fake drone shots? ›

10 FAKE DRONE Shots with a SMARTPHONE - YouTube

How do you make a fake drone shot? ›

How to Shoot #NoDroneNoProblem Fake Drone Shots | Insta360 Shot Lab

How do you make cool drone shots? ›

Top 10 Cinematic Drone Shots you MUST learn - YouTube

How did people take aerial photos before drones? ›

Before you could buy drones from the comfort of your desk chair via smartphone, aerial photography was significantly more difficult. Artists and scientists alike used tall buildings, ladders, balloons, kites, planes, and even pigeons to defy gravity.

What is a drone shot called? ›

1. Aerial Pan Shot. Pan shots are typically captured while the camera is mounted on a tripod. In the case of drones, the tripod is replaced by the gimbal, in addition to the moving drone, away from your position.

How did they film aerial shots before drones? ›

In the early 1900s Julius Neubronner developed an aluminum breast harness to which a lightweight camera was attached. The camera was equipped with a timer that would take a picture every thirty seconds. This contraption was attached to a homing pigeon in order to capture aerial photographs.

What factors affect the qualities of aerial photograph explain? ›

Factors Affecting Aerial Photograph Quality. The value of aerial photographs for crop monitoring depends on a combination of factors, including the equipment (camera, lens, and filters), film used, altitude, camera angle, and weather conditions (discussed earlier).

Which instruments are used in the process of aerial photography? ›

A levees vial (level Tube) attached to camera helps keep the optical axis of the camera nearly vertical inspire of any slight tilt of an air craft.
Air survey camera:
  • Principal components of an aerial survey camera are.
  • Lens (most important part)
  • Shutter.

Who introduced aerial photography? ›

Gaspar Felix Tournachon, more commonly known as “Nadar,” is credited with taking the first successful aerial photograph in 1858 from a hot air balloon tethered 262 feet over Petit-Bicêtre (now Petit-Clamart), just outside Paris; his original photos have been lost.

What risks do aerial photographers face? ›

(6) Aerial photographers face the risk of their expensive equipments being damaged. Since they are tied on the strings of kites, they run a risk of falling from a great height.

Which is not useful in aerial photography? ›

question. The item that cannot be used in the aerial photography is D. Buses.

What is an aerial camera called? ›

[′e·rē·əl ′kam·rə] (optics) A camera designed for use in aircraft and containing a mechanism to expose the film in continuous sequence at a steady rate. Also known as aerocamera.

What is the most common type of aerial surveys? ›

Application Examples

Two of the most used forms of Aerial Survey are: Aerial Laser Profiling - Aerial Laser Profiling uses short duration laser pulses that are emitted towards the ground, reflected and detected by a receiver in the airborne vehicle.

What is the difference between aerial photograph and map? ›

Distinguish between aerial photograph and map.
Introduction to Aerial Photographs.
Aerial PhotographMap
• It is a central projection.• It is an orthogonal projection.
• The scale of the photograph is not uniform.• The scale of the map is uniform throughout the map extent.
2 more rows

What exactly does a cinematographer do? ›

What Does a Cinematographer Do? A cinematographer, also known as a Director of Photography, is in charge of the camera and the lighting crew. They're the person responsible for creating the look, color, lighting, and for framing of every single shot in a film.

What is a cinematographer salary? ›

The average salary for Cinematographer is £34,891 per year in the London Area.

What is the job of cinematographer? ›

Cinematographer: A cinematographer is responsible for things like selecting a camera, film stock, lenses, and filters to depict the scene in accordance with the intentions of the director. They work alongside directors to provide films, TV shows, music videos, and television commercials their own unique artistic style.

What is the job description of a cinematographer? ›

Also called directors of photography, cinematographers work with directors and film crews to create important visual effects for film and TV. They read through screenplays and choose appropriate lighting, angles, framing, and filters to create the mood of the film.

What makes good cinematography? ›

What makes good cinematography? Cinematography is the art of visual storytelling, and good cinematography tells the story effectively. That encompasses many aspects of the actual art form, including camera placement, lighting, the grammar of film and knowing it well, and understanding the script and the story.

What is cinematography and examples? ›

Cinematography definition

The definition of cinematography is the art and process of movie photography. An example of cinematography are the decisions made about lighting, camera filters and lenses when shooting a movie scene. noun. 3. The art, science, and work of photography in making films.

Is cinematography a good career? ›

Is cinematography a good career? Cinematography is a highly specialized field that requires a mix of creativity and technical skills. It can be a challenging and rewarding career, but it is not for everyone. As with any profession, the level of success you achieve depends largely on your own efforts and dedication.

Why do you want to be a cinematographer? ›

The cinematographer is one of the most important and coveted jobs on a film set. Cinematographers are the people who make a director's vision come to life with their artistic eye, technical know-how, and creativity.

Are cinematographers in demand? ›

Cinematographers, sometimes referred to as directors of photography, are skilled in the operation of the camera and lighting equipment used to produce movies, television shows and other film projects. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts strong competition for jobs in this field over the next few years.

What skills does a cinematographer need? ›

  • An eye for detail and a mind for fast invention.
  • Thorough understanding of lighting techniques, light colour, shade and manipulation.
  • Strong technical knowledge of cameras and the film production process.
  • Strong communication skills.
  • Strong team management skills.
  • Excellent listening ability.
15 Jul 2022

How can I be a good cinematographer? ›

Style – Being technical is great but having vision is what is important. The role of the cinematographer is both technical and creative. A good DP has to know both sides and be able to communicate in both languages if they are going to be successful but when push comes to show a DP is hired for their vision.

What is another name for a cinematographer? ›

A cinematographer is also called the "director of photography," or the DP.

How Do movies influence people? ›

The studies reveal the influence of films on people's beliefs and opinions, stereotypes and attitudes. Movies can have a significant impact on gender and ethnic stereotypes [21,22], change attitudes towards certain groups of people and cause newly formed opinions on various issues.

Who is the best cinematographer in the world? ›

1/7 Roger Deakins

He won Academy Awards for his cinematography in Blade Runner 2049 and for (another single-take film) 1917, but his long list of beautiful films does not stop there.

How hard is it to learn cinematography? ›

Becoming a cinematographer isn't an easy task. It takes years of study, practice, and networking. In addition to a lifetime of learning. If you are passionate about becoming a cinematographer your best bet is go to school, get a camera and start shooting, and network.


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